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Tayfun E. Tezduyar

James F. Barbour Professor in Mechanical Engineering

Research Summary

Dr. Tezduyar’s areas of research expertise include, computational fluid-structure interaction (FSI), cardiovascular FSI, spacecraft parachute FSI, bio-inspired flapping-wing aerodynamics of Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAVs), aerodynamics of wind turbines, aerodynamics and thermal analysis of ground freight vehicles, air circulation and contaminant dispersion, fluid-particle interaction, free-surface and two-fluid flows, moving boundaries and interfaces, computational fluid mechanics, finite element methods, stabilized formulations, multiscale methods, and parallel computing.

Dr. Tezduyar pioneered stabilized finite element methods for compressible flows, space-time finite element methods for FSI and fluid-particle interaction, and parachute modeling techniques for the nation's new-generation spacecraft program. Dr. Tezduyar and his group brought parachute modeling and simulation to a new era in terms of the sophistication of the methods developed, power of the computational platforms used, and helping with the design and testing. The space-time and FSI techniques he developed have been applied extensively to biomechanics problems, with emphasis on blood flow and cardiovascular fluid mechanics, including cerebral aneurysms and artificial heart pumps. In Dr. Tezduyar's work on bio-inspired flapping-wing aerodynamics of MAVs, the wing motion and deformation data is from an actual locust, extracted from high-speed, multi-camera recordings of the locust in a wind tunnel at Baylor College of Medicine.

Brief Bio

Dr. Tezduyar received his Ph.D. from Caltech in 1982. After postdoctoral work at Stanford, he had faculty positions at University of Houston and University of Minnesota. At Minnesota he became a full professor in 1991 and was named Distinguished McKnight University Professor in 1997. He was the Director and Principal Investigator of the Army High Performance Computing Research Center from January 1994 to October 1998 and was widely recognized for leading the center to the level of excellence it reached during that period. He joined Rice University in 1998 as James F. Barbour Professor in Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science. He served as chairman of the department from January 1999 to June 2004.

Dr. Tezduyar holds a 1986 Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation. He received the 1997 Computational Mechanics Award of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1997 Computational Fluid Dynamics Award of the US Association for Computational Mechanics, 1998 Computational Mechanics Award of the International Association for Computational Mechanics, and 2012 International Scientific Career Prize of the Argentine Association for Computational Mechanics. He was elected a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, US Association for Computational Mechanics, International Association for Computational Mechanics, American Academy of Mechanics, and the School of Engineering at University of Tokyo. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from Slovak Republic. In recognition of research excellence in parachute modeling, Dr. Tezduyar and his research team received the Commander's Educational Award for Excellence from the US Army Soldier Systems Command. In 2012, Dr. Tezduyar and his research team won the First Place Prize of Rice University Centennial Ken Kennedy Institute Research Nugget Competition. In 2013, Dr. Tezduyar was inducted, as an Eminent Engineer, to Tau Beta Pi, The Engineering Honor Society, Colorado Zeta at US Air Force Academy. Dr. Tezduyar was awarded a visiting professorship at University of Tokyo and a visiting professorship and chair of international cooperation at Tokyo Institute of Technology.

Dr. Tezduyar coauthored a textbook titled Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction: Methods and Applications, published by Wiley, co-translated a book, edited 31 volumes, and published over 470 papers, including over 220 journal papers, with over 200 ISI-indexed. He is an Editor of Computational Mechanics (Springer) and Surveys in Mathematical Sciences (European Mathematical Society), and an Associate Editor of Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (World Scientific). He is a Series Advisor to Computational Mechanics Series of Wiley and is on the Editorial Advisory Board of Springer series Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology. He serves on the editorial boards of many journals. Dr. Tezduyar served as the Chair of the ASME Applied Mechanics Division in 2010-2011, as a member of the Executive Committee of the ASME Applied Mechanics Division in 2006-2011, and as a member of the Executive Council of the International Association for Computational Mechanics in 2002-2014.

EMAIL: tezduyar@rice.edu
PHONE: 713-348-6051